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Yamaha TTR 230 Review: Specs You MUST Know Before Buying

Wondering if the Yamaha TTR 230 is the right dirt bike for you? Whether you’re a beginner or just getting back into riding, you’re in the right place!

In this review, I will show you who it’s for, why it’s important to pick the right bike, and what to look for when buying a used TTR230 so that you save time and money.

What is the TTR 230?

It’s a 230cc 4-stroke air-cooled trail bike that’s affordable and reliable, but it’s great for a certain group of riders. It’s low-performance, but that’s one of the reasons why it’s such a good bike.

The Yamaha TTR 230 hasn't changed since 2005, which means it's proven and reliable for beginners and casual trail riders
A clean 05 is just as good as new

Who Is The Yamaha TTR 230 For?

The TTR 230 is built for a variety of riders, but it’s best for teens and adults that are new to dirt biking. It’s not a race bike but it is capable of doing technical trail riding if you are a skilled rider.

The simple suspension makes it dangerous on a motocross track, but if you want to learn how to safely ride a dirt bike with a clutch, then this trail bike might be for you. Keep reading to make the best decision possible. 

So, if you’re age 13 years or older and want to learn how to ride or just casually ride on the weekends, the TTR230 might be just the right bike for you.

Engine characteristics

Horsepower is not the strength of the TTR230. It’s not going to win any drag races, but that doesn’t mean it’s not a good dirt bike. 

What it’s good at is making smooth, predictable power. 20 HP to be precise.

It doesn’t have quite as much off-idle torque as the CRF230, but the power curve is very forgiving so that you don’t get into trouble easily.

As a beginner, this is exactly what you want, as opposed to an enduro or MX bike that feels like it’s going to rip your arms off when you get tired. 

2019 Yamaha TTR230 Yamaha TTR 230 Review: Specs You MUST Know Before Buying
A stock 2019 TTR230 makes close to 20 HP at the crank

Is the TTR 230 electric start?

Yes, all years are electric start only. This means there’s no back-up kickstart.

If your battery dies, you can most likely get it bump-started in an emergency. The battery is located behind the side cover on the right side under the seat in case you need to charge it or jumpstart it.

Is the TTR230 fast?

Compared to a race bike, such as the YZ250, the TTR230 is not a fast dirt bike. But that’s not what it’s designed to be.

Even though it as a top speed of about 60 mph, it’s a trail bike that’s easy to ride and will help turn you into a better rider on the trails. Riding faster starts with learning proper techniques at slow speeds to build your confidence.

Power upgrades

There are definitely some mods that you can do to your TTR230 to give you that extra ‘oomph’ to get over logs. But nothing that will turn it into a fire-breathing monster that eats up 450s on hill climbs. 

With some exhaust, jetting, and simple engine mods, you can still whoop up on guys with brand new enduro bikes on single-track trails. That, my friend, is what makes the TTR230 so fun to ride in the woods. 

TTR230 Jetting

The carburetor jetting is important for it to start and run well, as well as making the most power. Unfortunately, it doesn’t have fuel-injection, nor is there an easy upgrade for it.

This means you’ll have to do some basic carb tuning, which is actually pretty easy on this dirt bike.

Any power mods will require some jet tuning, and it may need some if the bike is brand new, depending on your climate.

The stock TTR230 runs slightly lean from the factory, especially if you uncork it. The stock jetting is a 35 pilot jet and a 125 main jet.

Jet kit or upgrade to make it run better?

You can get a jet kit (Amazon), but you can do it cheaper with just a couple of OEM jets.

Most riders find that a 38 pilot and 130 main jet runs well in most climates. So, just run to your local Yamaha dealer and pick up those jets if you still have the stock ones and see if it runs better.

Fuel screw adjustment?

The TTR230 has a fuel mixture screw, which adjusts the fuel mixture for the pilot jet circuit. It controls the amount of fuel that goes in, so opening it up will richen it.

Turning the fuel screw 1/4 turn can make it run better or worse, so try making one change at a time (with the engine fully warmed up). The fuel screw affects how it starts, idles, and the throttle response at low throttle position openings, which is where you’ll probably be riding a lot.

Suspension – the good, the bad

You’re not going to get the latest in technology when it comes to the suspension on a TTR230. What you will get is a plush and comfortable ride for trail riding and riding around the yard at slow to moderate speeds.

Front forks

The stock forks are simple, reliable, and plush, which are all good things if that’s your goal. They’re nice and soft to soak up all the small bumps on the trails, which is nice for riding at slow speeds.

The problem is when you want to ride more aggressively or on faster trails. The stock forks will start to bottom out when you pick up the pace, especially if you’re over 150 lbs and riding on rougher terrain.

Front fork upgrade?

There’s no adjustability externally on these forks, but there are some things you can do to tune them. Do you just want them stiffer to hold more weight, or do you need better damping performance?

Heavier springs or fork oil weight are some of your cheapest upgrades available. They’re fairly simple to do on the TTR 230 forks and will allow you to ride a little more aggressively, or if you simply weigh over 150 lbs.

Stock rear shock

Same story with the rear shock, but it’s harder to tune it internally. All you get is the externally pre-load, which you need to do for proper balance and handling.

The internal valving can’t be changed easily, and there’s no compression or rebound clickers to adjust. Riding fast on technical terrain will be less comfortable because the stock shock and fork will get bucked around.

TTR 230 jumping – is it possible & safe?

The stock suspension is not built for jumping with big impacts because it’s a trail bike. Is it possible? Yes. Is it safe? Not exactly.

If you’re doing jumps bigger than 10ft. or you weigh over 150lbs, the stock forks and shock are going to bottom out. This can break things eventually, or cause you to crash because it’s more likely to get out of control when it rebounds.

Handling – pros and cons

The TTR 230 is heavy compared to a 250cc motocross bike. Weight is important when it comes to handling.

However, the TTR handles well at lower speeds because of its lower center of gravity – the bike is smaller and lower compared to a larger full-size dirt bike. This makes it easier to balance on as a new rider.

Even a stock Yamaha TTR 230 is a capable trail bike in the hands of a good rider.

Weaving in and out of trees in the woods is where this trail bike shines. Its shorter wheelbase makes it quicker and easier to turn.

Want to make a fool out of your buddies on $10k bikes? Learn how to ride in the tight woods on a 230cc trail bike.

Is a TT-R230 a full size dirt bike?

The TTR230 is technically a full-size dirt bike because it has 21/18” wheels, even though it’s smaller than a typical MX and enduro bike.

The adult-size wheels are an advantage when it comes to riding over obstacles on trails because the roll over them easier than smaller wheels. To keep the seat height lower, Yamaha had to reduce the suspension travel compared to a high-performance trail motorcycle.
This is just a compromise you’ll have to make if you want a shorter dirt bike with full-size wheels and tires.

What’s the seat height?

The seat height is only 34”, which is 3-5” shorter than most full-size bikes. This makes it easier to touch the ground if you have short legs like me.

However, you only need one foot to touch the ground when you come to a stop. As you increase your balance skills, you won’t even need to put a foot down to prevent a fall because you can keep them on the foot pegs.

How tall should you be to ride a TTR 230?

This makes it a good size dirt bike if you’re 5’5″-5’10” in height. However, your inseam length makes a difference as well. Basically, you just need to be able to touch the ground with one foot to balance when coming to a stop.

Besides the smooth power, the lower seat height is the second biggest factor to why this is a great beginner bike for teens and adults. Being able to touch the ground with your foot will boost your confidence because you can prevent a lot of tip-overs.

It may not have as much ground clearance, but that doesn’t matter unless you’re hitting huge logs and rocks or riding through deep ruts.

What age range is it good for?

It’s an ideal starter dirt bike if you’re in the 13-18 year old age range and are tall enough, but that’s not all it’s good for. Honestly, it’s a great bike if you’re 70+ years old and just want a reliable trail bike for casual riding.

TTR 230 Weight – is it a deal breaker?

At 251lbs wet with fluids, the Yamaha 230 is on the porky side, but that’s normal for this trail bike class. You’ll notice it when you have to pick it up off the ground.

But when riding it handles like a lightweight bike because the center of gravity is lower. Being lower and shorter than a typical enduro bike, it’s easier to turn and ride in tighter trails.

TTR230 Specs & dimensions

The TTR 230 hasn’t changed much over the years, according to Yamaha:

Engine223cc air-cooled 4 stroke
Transmission6-speed manual clutch
Weight (wet)251lbs
Seat Height34.0”
Top Speed60mph
Price (MSRP)$4,649 USD

TTR230 Model Year History/Changes

It has not changed since it was first made in 2005. Plastic/graphics are the only updates each year. This means that you should buy the cleanest one you can find if you’re buying a used bike.

The TT230 came from the TTR225, which isn’t much different from that other than the body/plastics.

Common TTR230 problems?

Yamaha has been making this trail bike platform for decades, so there are no major issues that you need to be concerned about. As long as you know it’s a beginner bike that’s not made to jump, it will be a solid bike. 

With that said, due to it being so reliable, many TTR 230 owners didn’t maintain them, so they’re often well used and abused without being taken care of.

You may need to tune the jetting if you want the most power with good throttle response and easy starting. 

If reliability is a concern, then get the OEM manual, read it, and do the simple maintenance. Change the oil when it’s dirty or low, clean the air filter when it’s dirty, have the chain properly adjusted, and keep the bearings greased. 

Maintenance expectations

The TTR 230 is one of the most reliable dirt bikes and is very easy to maintain in the long run. Doing oil changes every 10-20 hours and cleaning the air filter when it gets dirty is the majority of the work you’ll need to do.

Checking and adjusting the chain tension should be done every ride – the snail adjusters are as easy as it gets to tighten it accurately.

TTR230 vs CRF230

The ultimate 230cc trail bike battle is between the Yamaha and Honda. The CRF230 is more well known because it came from the popular XR200.

The CRF230F has a little more low-end torque than the TTR230, while the TTR230 has slightly more mid-to-top horsepower in stock form. The Honda 230 has better aftermarket availability, but used models are generally priced higher than the Yamaha.

Honda CRF230F Trail Bike Yamaha TTR 230 Review: Specs You MUST Know Before Buying
The rival of the TTR230 – CRF230F

TTR230 vs TTR250

Both are 4 stroke trail bikes, but there are some major differences between these two dirt bikes. The TTR230 basically a slightly smaller version of the TTR250.

It has a 2-valve engine with about 9 inches of suspension travel, while the TTR250 has a DOHC 4-valve engine with about 11 inches of suspension travel.
The TTR250 is an older model, but it’s a better choice if the TTR230 is too small for you to fit comfortably. The 250 is close to 20lbs heavier than the 230.

TTR230 vs TW200

While they’re both great beginner bikes, it’s not a close comparison. The TW200 is a dual sport bike with a much different chassis and tires suited for all types of riding.

Is The TTR230 a good dirt bike for you?

The TTR 230 is a fantastic dirt bike if you’re a newbie or casual trail rider. 
It’s a terrible bike if you want to race motocross or want the best technology available.

Here are some pros and cons to help you decide if it’s the right dirt bike for you:

Pros (What’s good?)

  • Lower seat height than MX/Enduro bikes
  • Smooth & predictable power
  • Electric start
  • Extremely reliable
  • Great handling at lower speeds and in the woods

Cons (What’s bad?)

  • Heavy to pick up off the ground
  • No kick-start for back-up
  • Suspension is soft for aggressive riding
  • Unstable at high speeds
  • It’s a little small if you’re a tall beginner rider

The TTR230 Is For:

  • Teens transitioning to a full-size dirt bike
  • Girls moving up from a smaller dirt bike bike
  • Adults that want a beginner bike that’s easy to ride
  • Riders that want a ‘sleeper bike’ in the woods

The TTR230 Is NOT For Riders That Want:

  • To do big jumps
  • The latest technology
  • The best suspension

How To Lower A TTR230

Transitioning to a full-size dirt bike but need it as short as possible? The TTR230 is a common beginner bike for females, and it can be lowered relatively easily.

The easiest ways to make your TTR 230 seat height lower are shaving the seat foam and adding a lowering link. 

A lowering linkage changes the rear shock geometry, but it’s not very noticeable if you’re a new rider. It helps to lower the forks as well. 

Lowering The Forks

You can lower the front-end by raising the forks in the triple clamps. This will lower the overall seat height of your TTR230. It’s good practice to write down the original setting before changing anything. 

A spacer can be added internally to the forks to lower them as well.  

Lowering The Shock

Adjusting the shock for less preload will lower the seat height. This is easy to do, but will affect suspension performance. If you’re a beginner, this won’t negatively affect your riding.

A spacer can be added internally to the shock as well, but it’s only a job for someone skilled at rebuilding a shock. 

It depends on what state you’re in and what the regulations are. Some states allow off-road motorcycles to be registered to be legal to ride on the road with some required parts. 

The typical parts needed to make your TTR 230 street legal are:

  • Headlight (DOT)
  • Tail & brake light
  • Mirror
  • Horn
  • Tires that are DOT-approved
  • Turn signals (may or may not be required)
  • Muffler (sound limit may be necessary)

Most of these parts can bought in a universal dual sport kit, but you’ll most likely have to do some manual wiring work to get it to fit your TTR 230.

With that said, please refer to your state or countries laws if you want to get your off-road dirt bike plated. 

How much is a TTR 230?

The value really depends on a number of factors. The local current market, the condition, and the year are the most important.

But for a ballpark estimate, an average used TTR 230 is worth $1500-3000.

5 Mistakes people make when buying a used TTR 230

Whether you’re just trying to get a good deal on a used dirt bike or you don’t want to end up with a “turd”, there are some common mistakes that people make when buying a used dirt bike.

Maybe you’re in a rush, or you don’t inspect the bike well enough… I want to show you the simple steps I’ve learned from making mistakes while buying used bikes over the years so that you get a good deal on a good bike. Click here to learn how.

scott e

Saturday 21st of October 2023

Hi, great review on one model I was kinda looking at. But you mentioned 150 pounds many times. What 250f should I look at for 6'3" 205 pound? Or is there not one and I should look for someting else? Thx, Scott

scott e

Sunday 29th of October 2023

@scott e,

sound advice. thanks again for the help! Scott

scott e

Thursday 26th of October 2023

@Kelley Fager, hey Kelley, thanks for the reply! Yes first dirtbike. Most riding will be trails in the mountains of Colorado (due west of Pikes Peak roughly). No jumping, no motocross track, etc.

I had 2 thoughts: a used 125 2 stroke or a newish 250/230 4 stroke. I have ridden a 250 2 stroke many, many years ago and do remember how fast that thing was. I am handy with a wrench so rebuilding a 2 stroke would be no issue. But a newer 4 stroke I'd prefer one with fuel injection to handle our elevation (9000 feet plus). Hope that doesn't confuse you even more! Thanks for any advice. Scott

Kelley Fager

Monday 23rd of October 2023

Hey Scott, thanks for reading! I'm not sure I fully understand everything you said... Are you looking for your first dirt bike? What kind of riding will you be doing with it?

Mark Gunther

Friday 21st of April 2023

Thank you for the very well written article. I’m a 65 year old guy who had a successful 45 plus year career as a Union Heavy Industrial Construction and Maintenance Electrician. I rode dirt bikes from age 10 to about 23 years old. I have not rode any since but it’s always been a bucket list thing for me. I loved riding and know I still would. My wife passed away several months ago so I really want to give it a shot and buy a new TTR-230. After everything I learned in your article it sounds like the best bike for just taking it easy riding trails. I’m not looking to try and do anything crazy. I do have some health issues and my body is beat up but to be expected after over 45 years of heavy work. Again, thank you for all the information you’ve provided me. Very much appreciated.

Kelley Fager

Monday 24th of April 2023

Hey Mark, thank you for your kind words - I'm terribly sorry to hear about the recent passing of your wife, that must be very difficult. As for the TTR230, yes, it sounds like just the right bike for what you're looking to do if you feel that it's a comfortable size!

Gustov J Vincenzo

Saturday 15th of October 2022

Nice review! Upon returning home from a business trip, it appears that my son bought a 'turd'. It was advertised as a 2009, however, the VIN cross-reference shows it as a 2006. He paid about 2X over NADA suggested retail. My somewhat quick inspection and test ride revealed the following: Oil leak from bottom of engine (have not ascertained exactly where yet), Battery has little to no charge left (I had to jump-start), Clutch is severely worn, Gearbox feels crunchy and doesn't shift well, Carburetor leaks when fuel tap is set to reserve, various missing screws, Exhaust manifold has been welded numerous times and numerous cover screws are missing. My question is this: are parts easily obtainable and cheap enough to make this pig worth repairing? Thanks in advance for your guidance.

Gustov J Vincenzo

Monday 24th of October 2022

@Kelley Fager, Thanks Kelly! Sounds like good advice. We are working on the bike to repair all the issues. I will update you with our progress. Thanks again!

Kelley Fager

Tuesday 18th of October 2022

Thanks Gustov! Sorry to hear about your TTR230 issues! Sucks that the seller was dishonest. With that said, the year doesn't matter much because they're all basically the same. The oil leak may just be a bad crush washer (or missing?). Batteries are relatively cheap and only last a few years anyway (3-5 is average). If it's just clutch plates, a new clutch pack is fairly cheap and easy to replace if you have an OEM service manual (probably $100 or less). For the shifting, trying changing the oil and adding the proper amount, then make sure that the clutch cable is properly adjusted and the shift lever is tight on the shaft. The carb could just be dirty from sitting or having bad gas. Where is it leaking from exactly when you turn it to reserve? If this is your sons first dirt bike, I would personally say it's still a good bike with some potential - it could be a great learning tool for him to read through the OEM service manual and learn how to properly wrench on the bike to understand how it works if he doesn't have experience already.

What do you think, Gustov?


Tuesday 19th of April 2022

Very good and fair review. So many good points. However, Yamaha has the weight at 251 lb (not 256 as stated in your review), including all fluids. It is comparable to any full-size 4-stroke, give or take a few pounds which never makes a difference anyway. This has been my wife's bike for a few years and I get to ride it every so often: surprisingly agile in tight single tracks and at lower speed in open trails, but a bit unstable at higher speed indeed.


Wednesday 20th of April 2022

@Kelley Fager, I just like to read all kinds of reviews on adult dirt bikes especially reviews that offer a fair and balanced perspective. I'm passionate about dirt bikes, I would own them all if I could.

Kelley Fager

Tuesday 19th of April 2022

Thanks for reading and your comments. After re-checking the Yamaha website, you're right - 251 lbs, so I'm not sure how I got that wrong, thanks! So if you already own a TTR230, I'm curious as to why you're reading reviews about it :)